YiFan Conveyor - Conveyor Manufacturer and One-Stop Solution Service Provider for Truck Loading Conveyor and Flexible Roller Conveyor System.


Home  > NEWS  > 

What Are Vertical Reciprocating Conveyors (VRCs)?

What Are Vertical Reciprocating Conveyors (VRCs)?


A Vertical Reciprocating Conveyor, or VRC for short, is an industrial lift designed meticulously for moving goods and materials between different vertical levels within a facility. Think of it as a workhorse, seamlessly bridging the vertical divide in warehouses, factories, and industrial plants. These systems are used for improved efficiency and productivity of operations that require the movement of goods upward and downward without the extravagant cost associated with traditional freight elevators.

Now, it’s important to highlight that these aren't your average elevators. Vertical Reciprocating Conveyors are powerful, stripped-down lifts focused solely on the job of transporting materials—whether that’s a cluster of small components in totes or hefty items like vehicles or even segments of aircraft.


This specificity in design means that, unlike passenger elevators, VRC conveyors aren't bogged down by the same stringent codes and regulations. Instead, they adhere to ANSI/ASME B20.1 Safety Standards, which govern conveyors and related equipment, ensuring they operate safely without the exhaustive regulatory compliance required for human transportation systems.


Yifan Vertical Reciprocating Conveyors

How Do Vertical Reciprocating Conveyors Work?

There are primarily two kinds of VRCs used in the operations of these heavy lifts: hydraulic and mechanical. There is no obscure technical language involved; rather, the distinction between them is readily apparent.

Hydraulic VRCs

Using the force of hydraulic cylinders, hydraulic VRC conveyors effortlessly raise and lower platforms with pinpoint accuracy. In applications where frequent or very high lifts are not required, they are generally praised for their smooth functioning and initial affordability.

Mechanical VRCs

Mechanical VRCs, on the other hand, are powered by mechanical prowess alone, using electric hoists, cables, and sometimes chain drives to lift and lower cargo. Because of the time and effort put into their development, mechanical you can get VRC vertical reciprocating conveyors in a lifting capacities variety and heights, making them an excellent option for a wide variety of sectors. Their higher upfront cost is offset by the substantial savings you'll enjoy because to their long service life.

Irrespective of the driving force behind them, both types of VRCs are united in their fundamental purpose—to move freight vertically with reliability and precision. These systems are typically integrated into the anatomy of storage facilities, becoming an integral part of a building’s operational 'circulatory system,' especially when paired with mezzanines or multi-level storage systems.

Real-life Scenario

Imagine this: a warehouse operator places a pallet of goods onto the VRC's platform and secures it by shutting a gate. With the push of a button, the platform—enclosed within a protective cage to thwart any adventurous parcels from 'jumping ship'—ascends or descends to its designated level. This process exemplifies not only efficiency but also safety, keeping the movement of materials contained and controlled.

Advantages of VRCs

Let’s talk about benefits.

Safety isn't just an add-on with VRC conveyors; it’s an integral feature. In environments where forklifts zigzag and hoist loads to precarious heights, the risk isn't trivial. A lapse in attention, a misjudgment in navigation, or a failure in machinery could lead to devastating outcomes, as has been evidenced by numerous accidents, some of which have gone viral for all the wrong reasons. VRCs, by their very design, eliminate a substantial portion of these risks. They operate within fixed parameters, eliminating the guesswork and human error associated with forklift operations, and their built-in safety gates and controls ensure a much safer operation for vertical transportation.

Potential Risks of VRCs

No solution is without its limitations, and the VRC conveyor is no exception. Its strength is also its Achilles' heel—it’s stationary. Just as traditional elevators are confined to an up-and-down trajectory, VRC vertical reciprocating conveyors are similarly restricted. This immobility means careful consideration must be given to their placement within a layout. Once installed, they become a permanent fixture, an immovable workstation that demands workflow to be structured around it.

Final Takeaway

Vertically Reciprocating Conveyors are essential to modern manufacturing. As facility sentinels, they work hard to improve efficiency and protect against vertical material transportation risks. In case you have further queries about VRC vertical reciprocating conveyors, YiFan Conveyors are here to help you! Contact us and let us help you customize your very own conveyor that will help you with your load (literally!).



In what situations might a mechanical or hydraulic lift be useful?

To save money, use a hydraulic VRC). It can handle loads of as high as 4,000 pounds and features carriages as large as 6' x 6' when used in multi-story settings. These are suggested for uses requiring a carriage size of up to 12' x 10' and a load maximum 8,000 pounds.


Where heavier carriages are required, the vertical climb is greater than 22 feet, or there are three or more level stops, a mechanical lift is utilized. To make sure the right lift has been chosen for the job at hand, we advise consulting with a professional or licensed dealer.

What is the Lowered Height of the Carriage?

When surface-mounted, the standard VRC conveyor carriage has a profile of between 3 and 10 inches. A hole, typically between 4 and 12 inches deep, is necessary for a seamless transition from the ground floor to the first.

Can Vertical Reciprocating Conveyors (VRCs) be customized to fit specific industrial needs?

VRCs excel at customization. VRC manufacturers offer several possibilities to customize these elevators because no two facilities are comparable. VRCs can be customized to meet operational needs by adapting to material height and weight, fitting into existing spaces, or adding sophisticated safety features. Clients can work with manufacturers to alter dimensions, use hydraulic or mechanical systems, and choose materials like food-grade stainless steel for cleanliness or coated metals for rust resistance. Integrating a VRC into your workflow is like having a tailor fit you for a suit—it will fit your space and needs exactly.

How does the installation of a VRC impact daily operations during and after setup?

Plan ahead to minimize the impact of installing a VRC on daily operations. Depending on complexity, installation may require taking parts of your facility out of service for a few days to a few weeks. Professional installation crews strive to complete this process quickly and smoothly. Once implemented, a VRC greatly improves daily operations. These technologies simplify goods moving, minimize worker and forklift workloads, and reduce workplace injuries and product damage. After a short learning curve, staff can use the new system smoothly and increase production.

Chat Online
Chat Online
Leave Your Message inputting...
Ningbo YiFan Conveyor Equipment Co.,Ltd
Sign in with: